Bikaner is home to one of the only two models of the biplane used by the British during World War I. They were presented by the British to Maharaja Ganga Singh, then ruler of the city. Another unique aspect about Bikaner are the sand dunes that are scattered throughout the district, especially from the north-east down to the southern area. Bikaner is situated in the northern region of Rajasthan. One of the earlier established cities, Bikaner still displays its ancient opulence through palaces and forts, built of red sandstone, that have withstood the passage of time. The city boasts of some of the world’s best riding camels and is aptly nicknamed ‘camel country’. It is also home to one of the world’s largest camel research and breeding farms; as well as being known for having its own unique temple dedicated to Karni Mata at Deshnok, called the Rats Temple.
Prior to the mid 15th century, the region that is now Bikaner was a barren wilderness called Jangladesh. Rao Bika established the city of Bikaner in 1488. He was the first son of Maharaja Rao Jodha of the Rathore clan, the founder of Jodhpur and conquered the largely arid country in the north of Rajasthan. As the first son of Jodha he wanted to have his own kingdom, not inheriting Jodhpur from his father or the title of Maharaja. He therefore decided to build his own kingdom in what is now the state of Bikaner in the area of Jangladesh. Though it was in the Thar Desert, Bikaner was considered an oasis on the trade route between Central Asia and the Gujarat coast as it had adequate spring water. Bika's name was attached to the city he built and to the state of Bikaner ("the settlement of Bika") that he established. Bika built a fort in 1478, which is now in ruins, and a hundred years later a new fort was built about 1.5 km from the city centre, known as the Junagarh Fort.Around a century after Rao Bika founded Bikaner, the state's fortunes flourished under the sixth Raja, Rai Singhji, who ruled from 1571 to 1611. During the Mughal Empire's rule in the country, Raja Rai Singh accepted the suzerainty of the Mughals and held a high rank as an army general at the court of the Emperor Akbar and his son the Emperor Jahangir. Rai Singh's successful military exploits, which involved winning half of Mewar kingdom for the Empire, won him accolades and rewards from the Mughal emperors. He was given the jagirs (lands) of Gujarat and Burhanpur. With the large revenue earned from these jagirs, he built the Chintamani Durg (Junagarh fort) on a plain which has an average elevation of 760 feet (230 m). He was an expert in arts and architecture, and the knowledge he acquired during his visits abroad is amply reflected in the numerous monuments he built at the Junagarh fort.
A vibrant though a desert town with amazing sights and culture, the best time to visit Bikaner is from the months of October through March, when the weather is soothingly cool and is suitable to move around for sightseeing. The summer months on the other hand are disparagingly hot with temperatures rising up to 42 degrees while the evenings are cooler with a minimum of 28 degrees. The monsoon season in the city runs from July to September but there is very little or no rainfall and the resulting weather leads to even more humidity with temperature scale swinging between 30 to 40 degrees thus not being conducive to the tourist season.
-Bikaner is well connected to the nearby towns and cities of importance. Jodhpur is the nearest airport. The airport is easily accessible by road.
-Bikaner has number of train links to connect it with the major cities of India
-It is also linked with the big and small cities of India by the national highways and other roadways. We would provide you all India tourist permit vehicles for the local transportations and also for the intercity drives too.
A lot of us would relate the city of Bikaner, in the state of Rajasthan, with dunes, camel safaris, Junagarh Fort and Karni Mata Mandir. But, a shopaholic would love to associate Bikaner with the wide variety of things and the numerous markets- a shopper's paradise!Here are some of the things (and places from where they can be bought) that should accompany you when you are back from this beautiful destination:
Bikaner is a hub of Kundan jewellery- both original and artificial. Though with the advent of globalisation, technology and internet, you can buy everything almost everywhere and also shop online, yet it is interesting to note that Kundan jewellery is manufactured exclusively in Bikaner. The designs are handcrafted and would never fail to lure you. But, original Kundan jewellery is made out of 24-carat gold- the purest form of gold available. Buying the original will drill a massive hole in your pocket. However, artificial Kundan jewellery which costs a fraction of the original is as beautiful as the real ones. So when you visit Bikaner, do not miss out on buying Kundan jewellery.
If you got jewellery, you should have that one (or many!) desi outfits to rock the Indian look. Visit Bikaner for a wide variety of sarees and lehengas. The more famous sari variety include lehriya- the vibrant and lightweight, perfect for a party. Other names include bandhani, sanganeriya and gharchola. If you want a royal look in a lightweight, easy to carry saree, then gharchola is your deal. The criss-cross gold lines throughout the design will help you achieve that queen-like look, hassle free!
A visit to any place is incomplete until you get to taste the native cuisine or food. While you can get Rajasthani cuisine in any city of Rajasthan, Bikaner is especially famous for its Bikaneri Bhujia. The crispy, lightweight and mouth-watering snack is not made from besan as in most other parts, but from ground moth lentils- found exclusively in the desert fields of Bikaner and Jodhpur, which gives this snack its delightful taste and long shelf life.Bikaneri bhujia should be on your food list.
Bikaner or ‘Camel Country’ as it is called is located in Rajasthan. It can take you back to a mystical world of Kings and Queens of bygone eras, huge palaces, temples, museums which will leave you nostalgic and with great photo ops and magic moments to remember for years to come. It is a city that has everything for tourists looking to experience the culture and heritage of India. It is also home to one of the two models of the biplane used by the British during the World War I. It has sand dunes scattered throughout the city and has some of the best riding camels in the whole world.